9.13.2021 0

With the advent of autumn, there are several environmental and climatic changes: lower atmospheric pressure, fewer hours of daylight, lower and/or higher temperatures, increased humidity in the environment. These changes affect our immune system, metabolism and mood, contributing to the emergence of certain diseases with ease.


In case of flu, colds, etc... in autumn there are conditions that contribute to its appearance and infection:

  • Increased resistance of viruses, such as influenza, to cold air.
  • Less ventilation of homes and other building interiors promotes the accumulation of germs and other pathogens, which facilitates infection.
  • Immunosuppression due to sudden changes in temperature and fewer hours of sunlight.
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Flu causes symptoms much more severe than the common cold: fever, chills, fatigue and muscle aches, as well as headaches and cough. The usual treatment consists of analgesics and medicines to reduce fever. Children, the elderly and patients with pathologies such as asthma or heart problems are more vulnerable, so they should be especially careful. The best way to prevent flu is vaccination.

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Its symptoms include a sore throat, frequent sneezing and copious mucus production that causes mild fever, loss of appetite and headaches. It usually lasts a few days but can cause other infections such as sinusitis.


Something stronger than a cold causes severe headache or toothache, sometimes in the ears, depending on the inflamed areas. It also causes a pressure sensation on the face, cough, fever and greenish or yellowish discharge.


Allergic rhinitis causes symptoms similar to the common cold, but with a burning sensation in the throat, nose and eyes, because the cause, in this case, is contact with an allergen. It is necessary to find out the cause.


Cough usually accompanies flu and colds, but can also appear or remain without them. There are basically two types of cough:

  • Dry cough which causes sore throat and recurrent cough without secretion, is treated with cough syrups.
  • Cough with mucus which is treated with expectorant syrups that help to remove it.


Following these general tips will help us prevent flu, colds and other similar pathologies:

  • Ventilate your homes well, despite the colder temperatures outside.
  • Avoid, as much as possible, exposure to sudden changes in temperature, wear appropriate clothing.
  • A varied and healthy diet.


During this time, cold air and humidity, as well as the greater presence of dust mites in closed and humid environments, cause irritation of the respiratory tract, so that allergy sufferers may suffer from asthma episodes. Mold can also cause allergies in some people. A good tip to prevent or mitigate the effects of asthma is to keep your throat hydrated with broths and hot drinks. Steam saunas can also help. Try not to have too many items or ornaments that are difficult to clean, such as carpets, stuffed animals, etc... to prevent the accumulation of dust mites, moisture

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Poorly treated flu can lead to bacterial lung infections, such as pneumonia, because the likelihood of contracting them increases with the other seasonal factors of the arrival of autumn mentioned above. To prevent them, keep an eye on the expectorations of flu patients, because if they are yellowish or greenish in color, it means that there is a bacterial infection, which is usually more worrying than the flu itself.

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At this time of year, due to the humid environment, which is heated by heating and poorly ventilated, which is formed indoors, the spread of dust mites increases, which leads to the fact that people who are allergic to dust are at greater risk of developing dermatitis. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to ventilate the room thoroughly and vacuum frequently.


Rheumatic diseases cause joint pain, especially when there are changes in atmospheric pressure, which is very common in autumn, so the symptoms of these diseases are more common at this time of year. In these cases, it is best to consult a specialized doctor who will help us find the best way to relieve the pain.


It is a temporary disorder caused by poor adaptation to the change of season, which causes apathy, sadness, bad mood, fatigue and/or lack of sleep.


In autumn, the number of peptic (stomach) ulcers increases because the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, the infection of which is the main cause of these ulcers, is more active at this time. In addition, due to the higher frequency of colds and muscle or joint pain, more anti-inflammatory drugs are used, the abuse of which can also cause such ulcers.


In autumn, due to less time spent in the sun, our body produces less vitamin D, so it is easier to take this vitamin during this period of the year, which can cause mood problems, immune problems, etc. To prevent vitamin D deficiency, you need sunlight for at least 20 minutes a day and, of course, to take care of your diet, including in your diet foods containing cholesterol (always within the limits possible and reasonable in each case), from which our body produces vitamin D: animal fats, eggs, avocados, bananas!