Therapeutic diet №9, for diabetes mellitus

2.10.2022 0

Type of diet: Therapeutic
In diabetes mellitus metabolism is disturbed, which is why the patient often suffers from overweight or obesity. Fast carbohydrates are the main cause of the pathological state of metabolism in the world. In diabetes, the exclusion of such killer foods from the diet can ensure a quality life despite the disease. And a diet rich in dietary fiber, essential amino acids, vitamins, protein - can become the basic diet for life, as it is balanced, complete and at the same time useful.Therapeutic diet №9 in its original form (developed by Pevsner) is rarely used by endocrinologists today. However, doctors make an individual diet for each patient based on it. Also, diet number 9 is relevant for people who do not suffer from diabetes, but want to reduce their weight.

Therapeutic diet №9 is often prescribed for children with diabetes mellitus. For them, a prerequisite is 6 meals a day according to a strict schedule, deviations from the regime are allowed only within 10-15 minutes. The diet for children should include more slow carbohydrates. Since it will be more difficult for children to give up sweets, you can add to the menu a small amount of sweets on sugar substitutes, today their choice is quite large.

Therapeutic diet No. 9 is prescribed in order to

  • normalization of carbohydrate metabolism;
  • prevention of fat metabolism disorders;
  • determination of carbohydrate endurance (determination of the amount of carbohydrates absorbed by the body).

General characteristics of the therapeutic diet №9

Diet number 9 characterized by reduced energy value, which is achieved by reducing the amount of easily digestible carbohydrates and animal fats. Protein content in the diet is within the normal range or slightly exceeds it. Sugar and any sweets are forbidden. Diet. the amount of salt and foods rich in cholesterol and extractive substances is moderately limited. On the contrary, the amount of foods containing lipotropic substances, vitamins, dietary fiber is increased. These are cottage cheese, fish, seafood, fruits, vegetables, wholemeal bread, whole grain cereals. У therapeutic diet №9 preference is given to baked and boiled dishes, although sometimes you can eat fried and stewed dishes. To sweeten dishes it is recommended to use sugar substitutes: sorbitol and xylitol. The temperature of dishes is within normal limits. The diet corresponds to 5-6 meals a day, with an even distribution of carbohydrates.