Densitometry is a hardware non-invasive method for determining bone mineral density (BMD), the main task of which is to detect osteoporosis in the early stages and throughout the disease.
Bone densitometry is a painless and non-invasive diagnostic method that allows you to assess bone loss, determine the density of calcium in bone tissue, bone mineral density, assess the risk of osteoporosis, assess the effectiveness of treatment aimed at slowing down bone demineralization.
The procedure is performed using a portable densitometer, which measures the speed of the ultrasound wave through the bone tissue. The speed indicator is recorded using a special sensor, the data from which is sent to the computer, where it is processed by the system. The computer displays the processed data on the monitor. Most of these devices are designed to evaluate the tissue of the calcaneus, as this part of the skeleton is subject to metabolic processes to the greatest extent. Bone density in the femoral neck and heel in women is almost the same. This method of examination is most often used in the presence of contraindications to radiological methods. Such examination is allowed for repeated use in pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers.