Prevention of ARVI and seasonal viral diseases

9.29.2021 0

The onset of the cold season creates favorable conditions for the spread of acute respiratory viral infections, which leads to an increase in the incidence of these infections and the threat of an influenza epidemic. The group of acute respiratory viral infections includes a large number of viral diseases that affect the upper respiratory tract. The most common ARVIs are influenza, parainfluenza, respiratory syncytial, adenovirus and rhinovirus infections. The source of infection is a person with these infections: the patient releases ARVI and influenza pathogens into the environment with droplets of mucus and saliva when coughing, sneezing, or talking. A patient at work or school can infect about a hundred of his or her colleagues in one day. A healthy person becomes infected by inhaling microparticles of mucus and saliva secreted by the patient.

Recommendations for the prevention of acute respiratory infectionsіand influenza.

  • to conduct through ventilation of the premises and wet cleaning with disinfectants in the premises;
  • not to allow persons with signs of an infectious disease to work;
  • allocate premises for temporary isolation of persons with signs of acute respiratory disease (if such a person is identified, take measures to isolate them from healthy persons and immediately notify the relevant health care facility);
  • limit mass events in closed spaces;
  • Provide the necessary conditions for employees to comply with the rules
    personal hygiene (handwash, soap, disposable towels, napkins, etc.);
  • regularly treat your hands with an alcohol-based product and/or wash them with soap and water;
  • Provide medical stations with the necessary supplies and equipment (thermometers, bactericidal emitters, disinfectants and antiseptics, personal hygiene and personal protective equipment, etc;)
  • observe the rules of respiratory hygiene (when coughing and sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or the bend of your elbow; immediately throw the tissue into a trash container with a lid and treat your hands with an alcohol-based antiseptic or wash them with soap and water);
  • use disposable masks when necessary and replace them as soon as they become wet or dirty.